To Burn or Not to Burn: Feasibility of Waste-to-Energy Plants in India
Urban India produces around 55 million tonnes of municipal solid waste (MSW) every year. Of this, only about 25 per cent is processed, i.e. recycled or converted into energy. The remainder finds its way into dumpsites or is burned openly.
Waste generation in urban India is increasing by 5 per cent every year because of the increasing population and consumption. It is estimated that MSW generation would reach a staggering 150 million tonnes by 2030—thrice current levels. In such a situation, how should the country manage its waste?
The easy answer that urban policymakers turn to is to burn waste in Waste-to-Energy (WTE) plants. This report examines whether WTE should be the first choice to manage MSW in India.
Charting the Future of City Compost
To promote the market for city compost in India, the Government of India came out with a fixed subsidy under its policy on promotion for city compost. But this failed due to lack of implementation and has seen very dispersed stakeholder participation.
There is clearly a demand for city compost in the agrarian sector in India, but the acceptability of the product has been marred by poor quality and low return of investment.
CSE, in an analysis of the gaps in the existing composting policy of India, has suggested changes to strengthen the current marketing mechanisms and policy of city compost in India.